Astra.Software Development Process

We have vast experience in turning ideas into applications


Analysis

We always start with a research of your real needs also known as requirements elicitation. Clients often have ideas about what features they would like in a product and what these features should look like. Many clients, however, have limited knowledge of how software is built and vague ideas regarding what makes a project successful. It can be difficult then for clients to understand what they truly require in a product. It is the role of the software product manager to help the client figure out what they “want” and what they “need.”. This practice is a fundamental part of successful project delivery.

We offer signing an Non-disclosure Agreement to protect your idea.

Design & Implementation

These are activities accomplished by the development team to properly design and implement the software product. This phase’s activities can include: designing the architecture, designing the database, designing interfaces, creating executable code, integrating functionality and documenting. 

Having a design for the software architecture, related databases, and interfaces will improve the ability of developers to work together towards a common goal. Once programming begins, programmers should be integrating or combining their code at regular intervals to ensure compatible functionality. Internal documentation will help new developers when they join the team or enable existing team members to work on development of unfamiliar aspects of the product.

Verification & Validation

Constant verification and validation of the product will ensure that its development is on the right track. Verification and validation activities include: developing test procedures, creating tests, executing tests, reporting evaluation results, conducting reviews and audits, demonstrating to clients, conducting retrospectives.

Verification typically consists of internal testing and technical review activities that ensure that the product does what it is intended to do, according to the documented design and requirements.

Validation activities such as demonstrating to clients help to check that the product meets the needs of the client and/or the end users. With iterative or parallel process models, feedback at this stage can be incorporated into new specifications to improve the product through the next cycle of development.

Both the product and the process can also be improved. Conducting retrospectives is an activity to identify areas to do better next time. Retrospective exercises with the development team will generate ideas for improving the process and the product. 

Project Management

Creating a process is an important part of managing a project because it sets the initial phases for development. A process provides a structure of expected activities and work, which help to guide a team through a product development project.

Along with a process, setting standards is needed to ensure the team’s activities are performed consistently. The team needs a clear set of expectations on aspects of development like coding conventions, documentation levels, testing strategies, and when work should be considered done.

Managing risks requires constant analysis and mitigation of potential risks (e.g., business, technical, managerial, scheduling, and security risks). Inputs for managing risks may require historical project records, project estimates, the software’s detailed design, and the life cycle process. Ongoing risk review will identify and mitigate new risks that may emerge throughout the development process. 

Furthermore, effective project management relies on performing estimations. Estimation is a critical activity in software development since development timelines are based on estimates of how long it takes to complete tasks. 

The activity for allocating resources ensures that people, time, money, and equipment are deployed to do a required task. 

Making measurements is another important project management activity. This involves tasks like defining usable metrics, calculating data, and analyzing metric data. Metrics are used to track and assess the quality of the product and/or the process. 

Improving the process is a critical part of effective project management. It is important to recognize that, like the product, improvements can also be made to the development process. It is as important to test and review the process, as it is to test and review the product. Measurements are useful inputs for calculations to determine how the process can be improved.

Prototyping

Developing software products through a series of intermediate prototypes is the best way of ensuring customer satisfaction. Throughout our development process we leverage many different types of prototypes: illustrative, exploratory, throwaway, incremental or evolutionary. The core idea behind all prototyping is to gain feedback on versions of the product, to make informed decisions about the product’s future.

Continuous Delivery

Continuous Delivery applies automation so that intermediate releases of working software can be more disciplined and frequent. This allows developers to more easily deliver versions of a product continuously as it is constructed. The aim is to have working software that is tested, ready to run, and releasable to others. For example, whenever a developer commits a code change, it will be automatically built, integrated, tested, released, and deployed. Ideally, the time from making a product change to having it tried by an end user can be short and frequent. Problems arising in any of these automated steps can be noticed earlier, rather than later.

Agile Practices

Agile practices align with the Agile Manifesto. For example, the Agile development practice of having small releases fits with the Agile principle of delivering working software frequently. The Agile management practice of arranging a review meeting at the end of each iteration with the client fits with the Agile principle of satisfying the customer through early and continuous delivery of valuable software.

Scrum is an Agile methodology consisting of lightweight management practices that have relatively little overhead. Its practices are simple to understand but very difficult to master in their entirety. Scrum uses an approach that is both iterative and incremental. There are frequent assessments of the project, which enhances predictability and mitigates risk.

Extreme Programming (XP) is an Agile methodology consisting of effective development practices to achieve client satisfaction. The practices focus on constantly delivering software, responding to change, effective teamwork, and self-organization. These practices follow the principles outlined in the Agile Manifesto. Besides encouraging simplicity, communication, and feedback, XP fosters respect and courage.

Software engineering methodologies have evolved over the years. While Scrum and Extreme Programming are very popular and widely used in industry, other Agile methodologies have also been proposed with practices to address limitations. For example, one variation is called the Agile Unified Process, or AgileUP. As its name suggests, this Agile methodology combines Agile practices with the Unified Process model. AgileUP applies the principles of Agile to increase developer morale and improve collaboration. It uses Agile practices, such as test-driven development and small releases to supplement the basic Unified Process. Like the Unified Process, AgileUP uses the same structure of phases. The methodology emphasizes simplicity, empowering people, and customizing the methodology to suit each project’s needs.

In general, at Astra Software we use a process, methodology, or practice that best suits the needs of the product, team, and project. This may entail closely following something already established or starting there and customizing it as needed.  

WORK WITH US

We would be pleased to turn your idea into an application in our A.S development process.


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